A New And Accurate Examination of Spanish Inquisition.
The Historical correction of the Inquisition is a historiographical process that began to appear in the 1970s, with the availability of previously closed archives of the Spanish Inquisition, the evolution of new historical methodologies, and, in Spain, the end of the ruling dictator Francisco Franco in 1975. New achievements of historical revisionism increased our knowledge of the history of the Roman and Spanish Inquisitions.
There are very few stories as great as the anecdotes told of the Black Legend of the Spanish Inquisition & Catholic Spain. Amongst the numerous, common distortions of the Black Legend of the Inquisition are following:
The primary reference of data about the recklessly unreliable overruns of the Inquisition is the A Discovery and Plaine Declaration of Sundry Subtill Practices of the Holy Inquisition of Spain published in AD 1567. It was penned by Antonio del Corro, a Spanish Lutheran that printed under the alias Reginaldus Gonzalvus Montanus and declared to himself be a victim of the Inquisition. Scholars now know this to be a fabrication.
Montanus characterized every sufferer of the Inquisition as innocent, which is impossible. He also asserted that all Inquisition official were venal and deceitful, which is similarly obstinate.
Montanus maintained that each step of the procedure was a contravention of general and reasonable law, however, he never gave an elaboration as to why he believed so. Consequently, his calls were more directed to passion rather than logic.
The majority of the “histories” about the Inquisition printed after AD 1567 used Montanus as their authoritative source. This document and other succeeding writings were republished and transposed everywhere in Europe and matured into the source of the Inquisition myths for many centenaries indeed till present times.
The “Black Legend” started as an anti-Spanish propaganda attack that worked largely because of the discovery of the printing press. The Inquisition and Carlos V were their principal marks.
Tales about sadistic torture techniques used by the Inquisitors and the appalling circumstances in which detainees were held were absolutely forged. The Inquisition actually had the best prisons in Spain. In fact, documents back prisoners of secular courts and jails would blaspheme in order to be transferred to Inquisition reformatories and thus escape the maltreatment of secular prisons.
The Inquisition never tried or tortured Jews and Moslems as the Church had no jurisdiction over non-Christians. Rather, these were somebody who seemingly turned to Catholicism but did so beneath fraudulent claims.
In the whole 16th century, the Spanish Inquisition killed only around 50 people—not the hundreds of thousands as are claimed by the “Black Legend.”
In all the Inquisitions throughout Europe collectively, historians calculate the number of people executed fluctuated somewhere between 3,000 and 5,000. That means, at most, about fourteen people per year within the whole continent over a period of 350 years, and not the 10 million Dan Brown and those which believe him to be an earnest historical authority, have suggested.
In fact, the Inquisition was most active in Spain only between AD 1480-1510. Approximately, thirty years.
Its jurisdiction was very restricted and nevermore stretched to the farmland. The Inquisition was essentially impotent in rural areas. It was secular authorities or populace rule that burned deemed witches and pagans away from the cities and towns. Further, even inside urban surroundings, it was regularly in a conflict between the Royal Court, other guilds, local authorities and others and was thus overshadowed in the case of Spain. In the country, the Inquisitors had no control, no jurisdiction and no means to do their jobs.
The plot of the Inquisition, especially that depicted between the Emperor Carlos V and his offspring Juan Carlos, is completely fictional and the outcome of Protestant propaganda. The deceptions were so triumphant that it spurred Schiller and Verdi to compose operas which described enmity between the Emperor and his son. Verdi's Don Carlos portrayed Juan Carlos as a champion of individual freedom, which he never was.
Executing witchcraft was a common fashion in Europe's secular courts at the period. Local governments were especially dogmatic about these offenses. The arrested were frequently burned at the stake. For the Catholic Church, assessments of witchcraft were viewed as misconceptions and managed thusly. This Church doctrine came into occurring in the 7th century. Hard proof had to be registered for any accusation. Witchcraft and sorcery were seldom capital crimes. The majority number of accusations were dismissed.
The Inquisition's guidebooks were highly distrustful of witch finger-pointing except in exceptional cases when dealing with the Cathars of Southern France, whose unorthodox teachings incorporated witchcraft and magic. Further, the Cathars were involved in criminal campaigns against Christians in France, including assassinating papal envoys.
Contrary to popular atheistic gossip, The Discovery of Witchcraft was not written by the Catholic Church. In fact, it was written by the Protestant author Reginald Scot in 1584. Scot believed the prosecution of those accused witches was irrational and un-Christian. Further, he held the Catholic Church responsibly. In addition, though it purportedly was written to show magic and demonic influences didn't exist, the author actually claimed to believe in astrology, magic stones and the power inherent in unicorn horns. Within two years of its publication in England, it was put on the Catholic Church’s Index of Prohibited Books.
The Inquisition seldom relied upon torment to obtain information. It was used less by the Inquisition than it was in the benches of other countries throughout Europe at the time. The tales of Protestant torture of Catholics in the Tower of London were far grimmer.
21. Stories about the other Inquisitions are seldom told. Protestant propaganda unfairly demonized Carlos V but wrote fulsome panegyrics lauding Henry VIII, the lecherous and treacherous king of England, simply because he was a champion of Protestantism. Tens of thousands of Catholics were tortured and slaughtered throughout Britain and Ireland because of him and other Protestants leaders such as Oliver Cromwell. Atheists seem to have forgotten that salient aspect of history because they refuse to read books before daring to speak.
In actuality, the majority of inquisitors weren't Catholic priests. Most were in fact lawyers trained in secular Spanish institutions. The role of inquisitor was deemed a stepping stone to other professions.
The anti-Catholic propaganda began immediately after Emperor Carlos V's amazing victory during the 1547 Battle of Musselburgh when the Protestants armies were obliterated. When the Reformers realized Spain's overwhelming military supremacy, they used the printing press to criticize his character. This is what motivated researchers to realize the Inquisition was one of the most prosperous propaganda campaigns in world antiquity. Protestants were very proficient in the falsehoods they disseminated about the Catholic Church and the Inquisition in particular. Emperor Carlos refused to discuss the deceptions as he considered that gentlemen fought with armaments on a battleground and not with fantasies harmlessly protected behind a printing press.
Protestants portrayed the Inquisitors as being debased, immoral barbarians who routinely used horrific tortures and deflowered virgins to satiate their own lusts. They offered no proof. Even the Inquisitions own records never portrayed such evil.
Though propaganda insinuates millions of people were incarcerated and tortured, there had only been 7000 proceedings produced before the Spanish Inquisition in total. Only 2% of the challenged experienced any torture. Only 1% underwent torture more than once.
A document supposedly from the Spanish Inquisition, which has afterward been determined to be a fabrication, claimed that the court ordered the extermination of complete populations.